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Temple of Athena Nike
Ancient Greek Religion - God & Goddess
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Philosophy arose in the 6th century B.C , when Greece was dominated by the Roman Empire. In Ancient Greek philosophers played an important part in the shaping of their culture. Philosophy broke the tradition of Ancient Greek in the way they saw the world, it initiated a closer view based on evidence and reasoning. First it was concerned with explaining the whole cosmos and later on they were many philosophers who tried to explain it with theories or principles. In Greek the creation of philosophy was known as “the love of wisdom”, the birth of metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and the emergence of great philosophers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle a port a great influence in ancient Greek. Socarates, Plato and Aristotle saw the world as anyone else at that time, they focuse their attention on the role of human being in the universe than the explanation of the material world.
One of the greatest philosophers of that time was Socrates, who was born in the 5th century B.C, in Athens. Socrates believed in the immortality of the soul, and his was convince that the gods had singled him out as a divine emissary. Socrates frequently said his ideas were not his own, but his teachers, he mentions that two women made a lot of influence on him apart from his mom and his teachers: Prodicus and Anaxagoras. Much of the philosophical information we can get of Socrates are mostly find in the dialogues of Plato and Xenophon who were Socrates students and in Aristophanes plays.At the end of Plato Phaedo, Socrates is force to drink poison and walk until he didn’t feel his legs, at the end the poison reach his heart causing his death.
Another great philosopher was Plato, student of Socrates. He was born around 428 B.C in Athens. Plato's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. Plato developed his knowledge and foundations of Metaphysics and epistemology by studying the doctrines of Cratylus, as Socrates student,he adopted his philosophy and style of debate form a noble character.Plato was interested in politics, but when Socrates died, it had a profound effect on
Plato, it convince him to leave Athenian politics forever.
Plato believed in ontological dualism in which we can find two realities: The Sensible World and the Intelligible World. In the Sensible World we can find individuals realities which are constantly changing , is the world of generation and destruction. In the other hand the Intelligible World we can find invisible and eternal realities called Ideas or Forms, which don’t change because they aren’t material. Most of Platós writtings are generally in a dialogue form. Many people are interested in why Plato adopted a dialogue form in his Works, a lot of them are convince the use of conversation and characters allows the author to protagoinize his work, to awaken the interest of his readership, and therefore to reach a wider audience, this are some of the reasonings that historians make about why did Plato, adopted a dialogue form.
Some of the most Important quotes they made were:
All men's souls are immortal, but the souls of the righteous are immortal and divine.
An honest man is always a child.
As for me, all I know is that I know nothing.
Death may be the greatest of all human blessings.
A good decision is based on knowledge and not on numbers.
A hero is born among a hundred, a wise man is found among a thousand, but an accomplished one might not be found even among a hundred thousand men.
All men are by nature equal, made all of the same earth by one Workman; and however we deceive ourselves, as dear unto God is the poor peasant as the mighty prince.
Any man may easily do harm, but not every man can do good to another.
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